Formal Garden

Classic or formal garden is a garden laid out with complete regularity on formal lines and in accord with the methods of classic design, the plantings being in symmetrically arranged rows or geometrical figures.

Originated from Europe, formal gardens were first constructed only for the most impressive properties, owned by the likes of royalty and noble families. But nowadays, anyone can have a classic-style garden, and they have since been incorporated into countless domestic properties around the world.

A formal garden design is built around balance, symmetry, straight lines and geometric shapes. It’s a completely planned and strictly organized green space which demonstrates people’s domination over nature.

The formal garden style is based on geometric shapes such as squares, speres, triangles and straight lines. It mostly contains green, leafy and preferably evergreen plants instead of flowers. Symmetrical plantings and stylized plant forms, like hedges and topiary, help to define and link elements within any formal garden. Elements and shapes, used in the classic garden, can make a shade screen, a windbreak, a hedge or a border.

You can use formal garden design ideas to fill an entire backyard or simply to add an accent for a small corner of the lawn. Hedges are a common way to create geometric shapes and define paths, with boxwood shrubs being the most common type. Subtle groupings of foliage plants fill in the borders and can add a touch of color.

The key to a well-executed formal garden is making sure the symmetry is spot on. This all begins in the marking out of planted areas, along with the placement of structural elements. Although repetitive planting creates lines in a classic garden, it is the continued maintenance with trimming that keeps those formal lines defined.